Europe and its Islam

Western Europe and its Islam: The Social Reaction to the Institutionalization of a ‘New’ Religion in the Netherlands, Belgium and the United Kingdom

by Jan Rath, Rinus Penninx, Kees Groenendijk and Astrid Meyer

International Comparative Studies Series, 2
Leiden/Boston/Tokyo: Brill, 2001
Hardback, xii, 308 pp.
isbn 9781859734230
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Dutch edition

 

Summary

Immigration from North Africa, Asia and elsewhere meant a large influx of Islam into Western Europe. In each country, Muslims organized in various ways and established numerous institutions such as mosques, cemeteries, halâl butchers, schools, broadcasting organizations, and political parties, and slowly but surely the outlines of Muslim communities begun to emerge. The development of those communities is not a matter of Muslims only, but the product of their interaction with the wider environment. The development of the process of institutionalization is the result of their consultations and conflicts with parties involved, particularly with agents from the host society. As Muslim immigrants become ever more a part of Western European societies, the establishment of their institutions both illustrates and affects the processes of sociological, political and legal change that are currently taking place. This book, based on interdisciplinary research, examines the establishment of Muslim institutions in Western Europe, and particularly focuses on the role played by agents from the host society and the political and ideological positions adopted by them in reaction to claims from Muslims.

The book is of interest to both scholars of cultural anthropology, political science, the sociology of law, the sociology of migration, the sociology of social movements, ethnic studies, religious studies, and urban studies, as well as to practitioners such as politicians, civil servants and ethnic and religious leaders in the field.

Contents

Preface

 

Chapter 1 Western Europe and Islam

Introduction

The reaction of society: a framework for analysis

Method and structure of research

 

Part 1

The Netherlands: the institutionalization and recognition of Islam at national level

 

Chapter 2 Government, society and Islam: a brief history

A hidden existence

Breakthrough: de facto recognition and co-operation

Political debate

 

Chapter 3 The sphere of religion

Places of worship

Other religious institutions

 

Chapter 4 The sphere of education

Islamic religious instruction

Muslim schools

Other educational institutions

 

Chapter 5 Politics and other spheres

The political sphere

Other spheres of activity

 

Chapter 6 Conclusions national level

Range and density

Factors and agents

Ideological concepts

 

Part 2

The institutionalization of Islam and the struggle for recognition at local level

Introduction

 

Chapter 7 Recognition as partners in the political debate

Rotterdam

Utrecht

Ideological concepts and arguments

 

Chapter 8 The establishment and funding of places of worship

Rotterdam

Utrecht

Ideological concepts and arguments

 

Chapter 9 Islamic religious instruction in state primary schools

Rotterdam

Utrecht

Ideological concepts and arguments

 

Chapter 10 The establishment of Muslim schools

Rotterdam

Utrecht

 

Chapter 11 Conclusions local level

Range and density

Factors and agents

Ideological concepts and arguments

The difference between Rotterdam and Utrecht

 

Part 3 An international comparison

Introduction

 

Chapter 12 Belgium

A historical outline

Recognition of Islam and of Muslims as partners in the political debate

Places of worship

Islamic religious instruction

The Muslim school

 

Chapter 13 The United Kingdom

A historical outline

Recognition of Islam and of Muslims as partners in the political debate

Places of worship

Education

Islamic religious instruction

Muslim schools in England

 

Chapter 14 Conclusions international level

Range and density

Factors and agents

 

Chapter 15 Conclusions

The Netherlands: the emergence of Muslim institutions in a depillarizing society

The range and density of Muslim institutions in the Netherlands

Factors and agents

Ideological concepts and arguments

International perspective: Belgium and Great Britain

Conclusion

 

Notes

List of abbreviations political parties

References